Monkeypox virus is a viral disease caused by the variola major strain of the poxvirus family. Variola major causes smallpox, which was eradicated in 1980. Monkeypox is similar to smallpox in its symptoms, although it does not cause death.
Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, and rash. In rare cases, people have died from complications including pneumonia, encephalitis, and kidney failure.
The first recorded case of monkeypox occurred in 1958 in the United States. Since then, outbreaks have been reported in Africa, Asia, Europe, South America, and North America. Most cases occur in children under 10 years old.
There were no known deaths due to monkeypox between 1958 and 2004. However, since 2005, there have been at least 40 confirmed human cases of monkeypox in the United States.
Monkeypox Signs and Symptoms
- Individuals with monkeypox get a rash that might be situated on or close to the privates (penis, balls, labia, and vagina) or rear-end (butthole) and monkeypox get a rash has been on different regions like the hands, feet, chest, face, or mouth.
- Monkeypox rash goes through a few phases, including scabs, prior to recuperating.
- The rash can at first seem to be pimples or rankles and might be agonizing or irritated.
- Other symptoms of monkeypox can include:
• Swollen lymph nodes
• Muscle aches and backache
• Respiratory symptoms (e.g. sore throat, nasal congestion, or cough)
• Sometimes have people flu-like symptoms before the rash.
• Some people get a rash first and followed by other symptoms.
• Others only experience a rash.
if you this symptom immediate checkup
How Monkeypox spread
• Monkeypox virus can spread by direct contact with monkeypox rash and scabs or body fluids from a monkeypox person
• Skin-to-skin contact
• Touching objects like clothing, and towels and using a bed of the monkeypox-infected person
• Respiratory secretions
• It can be infected through direct contact
• Oral, anal, and Vaginal sex or touching of monkeypox person
• Hugging and Kissing or massage
• Prolonged face-to-face contact
• How often does monkeypox spread through respiratory secretions
• Monkeypox can be spread through vaginal fluids, semen,urin,e or feces
Monkeypox virus prevention
Avoiding contact with sick people
You should also try to avoid anyone who is sick. If they are coughing and sneezing, then you should stay at least six feet away from them. If they are vomiting or having diarrhea, then you should stay away from them until they recover.
- Pregnant Women
Pregnant women should not handle monkeypox-infected animals or their products. If they do, they should immediately wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water. They should wear gloves while doing so.
- . Children
Children younger than 5 years old who live near wild animals should avoid contact with them. If they do touch these animals, they should wash their hands thoroughly with warm water and soap before eating or playing.
- People Who Live Near Wild Animals
People who live near wild animals, especially those who work around them, should take precautions to prevent infection. These precautions include avoiding contact with wild animals, wearing protective clothing, washing their hands frequently, and using disinfectants if necessary.
If your pet comes into contact with monkeypox-infected wildlife, wash its paws and mouth with soap and water. Wash your hands after touching your pet.
Insects that carry the monkeypox virus include mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, flies, and mites. To protect yourself from mosquito bites, use repellent containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, para-menthane-diol, or permethrin. Wear long sleeves and pants when outside. Use nets over windows and doors to keep insects out. Keep pets indoors.
- Cleaning Surfaces
Wash surfaces where you have been working with hot water and soap. Dispose of any items that might have been contaminated with the monkeypox virus.
6. Proper hygiene
Make sure that you wash your clothes regularly. If you do not wash your clothes frequently enough, then you could end up spreading germs to others.
Treatment of monkeypox virus
Treatment of monkeypox includes supportive care and treatment of symptoms. There is no specific treatment for the monkeypox virus but there are antiviral medications approved for treating monkeypox. Supportive care includes rest, fluids, pain control, and good nutrition.
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